The Maguindanao Massacre (2009)

Maguindanao isn’t usually a place tourists would want to visit in the Philippines, and for good reason. It is home to bandits, rebel insurgency groups and warring political families, and on November 23, 2009, fifty seven people, including 31 journalists, were brutally killed by the Ampatuan clan as a result of Toto Mangudadatu’s attempt to wrest power from them.

The massacre is the country’ single worst case of election-related violence and the world’s worst single-day murder of media workers, making the Philippines one of the most dangerous countries for journalists to cover.

The victims:

  1. Genalyn “Gigi” Mangudadatu, 36, Toto Mangudadatu’s wife
  2. Eden Mangudadatu, 45, Toto’s sister and former vice mayor of the Mangudadatu municipality
  3. Farinah Mangudadatu-Hassan, 24, Toto’s pregnant sister
  4. Mamotabai Mangudadatu, 40, Toto’s aunt
  5. Wahida Kaliman Ante, 39, Toto’s aunt
  6. Rowena Mangudadatu-Ante, 33, Toto’s cousin
  7. Faridah Sabdullah Gaguil, 35, Toto’s cousin
  8. Suraida Gaguil Bernan, 36, Toto’s cousin
  9. Raida Abdul, 41, Toto’s cousin
  10. Atty. Concepcion “Connie” Brizuela-Jayme, 55, Toto’s lawyer
  11. Atty. Cynthia Oquendo-Ayon, 35, Toto’s lawyer
  12. Catalino Oquendo, 75, Atty. Cynthia Oquendo-Ayon’s father
  13. Pinky Balayman, 35, Toto’s supporter
  14. Lailani “Ella” Balayman, 25, Toto’s supporter
  15. Eugene Demillio Pamansag, 35, Toto’s supporter
  16. Abdillah Ayada, Toto’s supporter
  17. Rahima Palawan, 43, Toto’s supporter
  18. Meriam Calimbol, Toto’s supporter
  19. Norton “Sedick” Edza, 33, driver
  20. Razul Daud, 35, driver
  21. Gina De La Cruz-Carpenteros, 41, Saksi News correspondent
  22. Marife “Neneng” Montaño Cordova, 44, Saksi News and radio station DXCP correspondent
  23. Jepon Cadagdagon, 28, Saksi News photographer
  24. Maritess Cablitas, 38, Mindanao News Focus publisher and DXDX radio anchor
  25. Rosell Morales, 34, Mindanao News Focus circulation manager and correspondent
  26. Bienvenido “Jun” Legarta Jr., 36, Prontiera News publisher
  27. Joel Parcon, 50, Prontiera News correspondent
  28. Arturo “Art” Betia, Periodico Ini marketing director
  29. Rey Merisco, 34, Periodico Ini columnist
  30. Fernando “Ranny” Razon, 44, Periodico Ini sales manager
  31. Noel Decena, 25, Periodico Ini circulation manager
  32. John Caniban, 30, Periodico Ini and Sultan Kudarat Gazette correspondent
  33. Jose “Joy” Duhay, Mindanao Gold Star Daily correspondent
  34. Ronnie Perante, 43, Mindanao Gold Star Daily and Sultan Kudarat Gazette correspondent
  35. Rubello Bataluna, 44, Mindanao Gold Star Daily correspondent
  36. Benjie Adolfo, 20, Mindanao Gold Star Daily driver
  37. Victor Nuñez, 24, UNTV anchor
  38. Jolito Evardo, 27, UNTV cameraman
  39. Mac Delbert “Macmac” Arriola, 20, UNTV cameraman
  40. Daniel Tiamzon, 52, UNTV driver
  41. Santos “Jun” Gatchalian Jr., 51, Mindanao Daily Gazette reporter
  42. Lindo Lupogan, 42, Mindanao Daily Gazette publisher
  43. Eleanor “Leah” Dalmacio, 38, Soccsksargen News Today publisher and editor
  44. Francisco “Ian” Subang Jr., 49, Soccsksargen News Today publisher
  45. Romeo Jimmy “Pal-ak” Cabillo, 56, Tacurong Midland Review reporter
  46. Ernesto “Bart” Maravilla Jr., Bombo Radyo anchor and reporter
  47. Hannibal Cachuela, 51, Manila Star bureau chief and Punto News correspondent
  48. Andres “Andy” Teodoro, 59, Central Mindanao Inquirer editor-in-chief
  49. Napoleon “Nap” Salaysay, 57, Clear View Gazette publisher and editor
  50. Henry Araneta, 44, radio station DZRH Central Mindanao correspondent
  51. Alejandro “Bong” Reblando, 54, Manila Bulletin correspondent
  52. Anthony Ridao, National Statistics Coordination Board employee and son of Cotabato City councilor Marino Ridao
  53. Eduardo Lechonsito, 53, government employee from Tacurong, Sultan Kudarat
  54. Cecille Lechonsito, 52, Eduardo Lechonsito’s wife
  55. Mercy Palabrica, 32, Eduardo Lechonsito’s co-worker
  56. Daryll Vincent Delos Reyes, 28, Eduardo Lechonsito’s co-worker
  57. Wilhelm Palabrica, 43, Eduardo Lechonsito’s driver

The body of Reynaldo “Bobet” Momay, Tacurong Midland Review photographer, was never found despite Momay joining Toto’s convoy.

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This episode’s companion photos:


Music: “This House” and “Echoes of Time v2” by Kevin MacLeod (

(Photo above via